Phalaenopsis / ˌ f æ l ɪ ˈ n ɒ p s ɪ s / Blume (1825), commonly known as moth orchids, is a genus of about seventy species of plants in the family Orchidaceae.Orchids in this genus are monopodial epiphytes or lithophytes with long, coarse roots, short, leafy stems and long-lasting, flat flowers arranged in a flowering stem that often branches near the end. Harriettiae (P. harriettiae)(P. amabilis x Ph. Northumbrian "mohðe") from Common Germanic (compare Old Norse "motti", Dutch "mot", and German "Motte" all meaning "moth"). There are several species of Saturniidae that also are farmed for their silk, such as the ailanthus moth (Samia cynthia group of species), the Chinese oak silkmoth (Antheraea pernyi), the Assam silkmoth (Antheraea assamensis), and the Japanese silk moth (Antheraea yamamai). [22], Studies have found that light pollution caused by increasing use of artificial lights has either led to a severe decline in moth population in some parts of the world[23][24][25] or has severely disrupted nocturnal pollination. Moths are a paraphyletic group of insects that includes all members of the order Lepidoptera that are not butterflies, with moths making up the vast majority of the order. Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants. Phalaenopsis orchids, or moth orchids, have lovely curving shapes and colorful blooms, especially hybrids which have striking and distinctive designs. Phalaenopsis Blume – moth orchid. The lip is attached by the column. Moth orchids are found between South East Asia and Australia. Liliopsida – Monocotyledons. Phalaenopsis reichenbachiana It is farmed for the silk with which it builds its cocoon. Glorious colored blooms all year round and the "ease of growing" is what makes these a popular house plant choice. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › General public. Phalaenopsis pulchra [15][16], The fungus Ophiocordyceps sinensis infects the larvae of many different species of moths. Phalaenopsis pulcherrima Phalaenopsis taenialis Phalaenopsis sanderiana Subclass. They naturally thrive in the rainforests of Asia, Indonesia, and northern Australia, but also do surprisingly well potted in homes or in greenhouses. This page was last modified on 19 July 2009, at 15:48. It usually comes in a different color from the rest of the flower. Phalaenopsis equestris Both types of Lepidoptera are thought to have evolved along with flowering plants, mainly because most modern species feed on flowering plants, both as adults and larvae. Lepidoptera differs between butterflies and other organisms due to evolving a special characteristic of having the tube-like proboscis in the Middle Triassic which allowed them to acquire nectar from flowering plants.[3]. The entire flower is usually oval-shaped or sometimes star-shaped. Water is stored in their fleshy leaves, but if conditions are both hot and dry, then they will lose moisture through evaporation. The elegant shapes and bright colors and designs of their flowers make them a beautiful and sophisticated addition to any home decor. When a flower is pollinated, it wilts and begins the reproduction process. Phalaenopsis robinsonii Phalaenopsis lindenii Many attempts have been made to group the superfamilies of the Lepidoptera into natural groups, most of which fail because one of the two groups is not monophyletic: Microlepidoptera and Macrolepidoptera, Heterocera and Rhopalocera, Jugatae and Frenatae, Monotrysia and Ditrysia. Order Orchidales. Order. They endure hot weather better in higher humidity. Moths also are eaten by some species of lizards, amphibians, cats, dogs, rodents, and some bears. They require the presence of mycorrhiza fungus in order to germinate. Phalaenopsis bellina [20][21], Moths frequently appear to circle artificial lights, although the reason for this behavior (positive phototaxis) is currently unknown. Orchids, being angiosperms (flowering plants) form seeds. The most notable of these is the silkworm, the larva of the domesticated moth Bombyx mori. Moth larvae may be killed by freezing the items which they infest for several days at a temperature below −8 °C (18 °F). The lip has two side lobes (that look like small petals) and a midlobe below with tendrils coming off of it. M3 - Artikkeli. Naphthalene (the chemical used in mothballs) is considered more effective, but there are concerns over its effects on human health. Orchidaceae – Orchid family. Phalaenopsis aphrodite One hypothesis is called celestial or transverse orientation. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species. Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica Their large leaves are glossy and colored with elegant green. Phalaenopsis hainanensis Family Orchidaceae – Orchid family. Mostly they grow on the trunks and branches of trees under the shade of the canopy. Phalaenopsis maculata Phalaenopsis parishii After a spike is done flowering, you can leave it and more smaller flowers might develop, or you can prune it back and a new stem will grow. In tropical and subtropical climates, the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) is perhaps the most serious pest of brassicaceous crops. There are several species of Saturniidae that also are farmed for their silk, such as the ailanthus moth (Samia cynthia group of species), the Chinese oak silkmoth (Antheraea pernyi), the Assam silkmoth (Antheraea assamensis), and the Japanese silk moth (Antheraea yamamai). For example, when one species is normally pollinated by bees, it is fragrant in the morning, as opposed to species that are pollinated by moths, which is fragrant at night. Keep your moth orchid in indirect light because wild orchids are used to shade. The flowers last eight weeks to three months and then will not bloom for another twelve to sixteen months. The mopane worm, the caterpillar of Gonimbrasia belina, from the family Saturniidae, is a significant food resource in southern Africa. [5], Some moths, particularly their caterpillars, can be major agricultural pests in many parts of the world. Liliidae. Create humidity by misting them (always allowing them to dry before night) or setting them on top of stones in water, so that they do not sit directly in the water. Some moth caterpillars dig holes in the ground, where they live until they are ready to turn into adult moths. The moth instinctively attempts to correct by turning toward the light, thereby causing airborne moths to come plummeting downward, and resulting in a spiral flight path that gets closer and closer to the light source. Phalaenopsis violacea [17], Some studies indicate that certain species of moths, such as those belonging to the families Erebidae and Sphingidae, may be the key pollinators for some flowering plants in the Himalayan ecosystem. From the leaves at the base sprouts a long, thin, curved stem. Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana Most baculovirus isolates have been obtained from insects, in particular from Lepidoptera. Moth antennae are usually feathery with no ball on the end. Phalaenopsis viridis Phalaenopsis roots absorb air as well and too much water will cause them to suffocate. There are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth,[1] many of which have yet to be described. Phalaenopsis wilsonii Phalaenopsis zebrina. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. One of the earliest species thought to be a moth-ancestor is Archaeolepis mane, whose fossil fragments show scaled wings similar to caddisflies in their veining.

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