According to the law, the units of the municipal division (called "municipal formations") are as follows:[6]. The following is a list of Russia's republics ordered alphabetically. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Most Important Things to Know About the Country of Georgia, Biography of Vladimir Putin: From KGB Agent to Russian President, Geography of the Countries Bordering China, The 7 Continents Ranked by Size and Population, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 03:46. The Federal Law was amended on 27 May 2014 to include new types of municipal divisions:[8], In June 2014, Chelyabinsky Urban Okrug became the first urban okrug to implement intra-urban divisions. [2] Neither the Republic of Crimea nor the city of Sevastopol are politically recognized as parts of Russia by international law[3] and most countries.[4]. Besides this region being predominantly agricultural, there are also rich lime deposits in Belgorod and an industrial and cultural center in Tambov. In the course of the Russian municipal reform of 2004–2005, all federal subjects of Russia were to streamline the structures of local self-government, which is guaranteed by the Constitution of Russia. "Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов" (ОК 024-95) введённый 1 января 1997 г., в ред. This soil type has high mineral and humus content. For economic and statistical purposes the federal subjects are grouped into twelve economic regions. «Об общих принципах организации местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации», в ред. Other rivers in the region include the Kuma, Don, Terek and Volga-Don Canal. There are 83 subjects in total, including 21 republics, 46 oblasts, 9 krais, 1 autonomous oblast, 4 autonomous okrugs and 2 federal cities. No documents confirming the purpose of the trip are required. Russia, officially called the Russian Federation, is located in Eastern Europe and stretches from its borders with Finland, Estonia, Belarus, and Ukraine through the Asian continent where it meets Mongolia, China and the Sea of Okhotsk. In order for the Armed Forces to provide an efficient management of military units, their training, and other operational activities, the federal subjects are grouped into five military districts. In fact, the region has the largest diamond mine, the world’s longest oil pipeline, and the second longest railway tunnel. There are 6 types of federal subjects—22 republics, 9 krais, 46 oblasts, 3 federal cities, 1 autonomous oblast, and 4 autonomous okrugs. constituent units of Russia). The region is rich in minerals and ores such as bauxite, manganese, gold, nickel oxide, and potassium salts among others. Most people in the region are either employed or own their own businesses. Territories not included as a part of municipal formations are known as inter-settlement territories. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Countries with the Largest Exclusive Economic Zones. The Northern Economic Region is a partially arctic zone located in Russia. As of September 30, 2020, according to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the number of foreigners legally working in Russia decreased to 1.8 million (one year ago - 2.3 million). Prior to the adoption of the 1993 Constitution of Russia, the administrative-territorial structure of Russia was regulated by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 17 August 1982 "On the Procedures of Dealing with the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the RSFSR". The climate is temperate continental with most of region covered by the taiga forests which has timber reserves stretching out across 3.5 billion m3 of land. The North Western Region is composed of Leningrad Oblast, Pskov Oblast, Novgorod Oblast, and the federal city of St. Petersburg. The Far Eastern Economic Region borders the Pacific Ocean. The life expectancy of both men and women are slightly above Russia’s average. Russia is so large that it covers 11 time zones. For now RussiaTrek.org site team is working on adding various entertaining and useful content about Russian regions and cities and about Russia in general. Can't send the answer to your email because it says the following after sending: "Message blocked. Its population is 941,873 people with 77% of them being urban dwellers, while the rest can be found living in the rural part of Kaliningrad. Секция II. On 18 March 2014, as a part of the annexation of Crimea and following the establishment of the Republic of Crimea (an independent entity recognized only by Russia), a treaty was signed between Russia and the Republic of Crimea incorporating the Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol as the constituent members of the Russian Federation. North West | Central | Volga | South | North Caucasus | Ural | Siberia | Far East. These subjects are of equal federative rights in the sense that they have equal representation (2 delegates each) to the Federative Council of Russia. According to the law, the units of the municipal division (called "municipal formations") are as follows: 21 autonomous Republics: They have an own constitution and legislative and are in fact independent states just being represented by Russia in external affairs. Kaliningrad region’s economy is based on several drivers such as tourism, automobile assembling, fishing, and food processing industries. The West Siberian Region is one of the largest economic regions in Russia. We have arranged 10 polls and received 4798 votes. «О статусе и границах Челябинского городского округа и внутригородских районов в его составе». The Russian Government has twice worsened the estimate of the reduction in the total population of Russia in 2020 - to 352.5k people, 10 times more than in 2019. Закон №706-ЗО от 10 июня 2014 г. Proven Ways to Keep Warm During Russian Winter. The employees’ wages are higher than the nation’s average wage. What Is The Economic Importance Of Algae? Federal Districts: Autonomous okrugs are the only ones that have a peculiar status of being federal subjects in their own right, yet at the same time they are considered to be administrative divisions of other federal subjects (with Chukotka Autonomous Okrug being the only exception). The unemployment rate is about a fifth higher than Russia’s national unemployment rate. Moscow, Russia. The republic's continental location, area, and official languages have been included for reference. Thus far we have described 81 regions, oblasts, krays and 116 cities, towns and settlements of Russian Federation. The region uses seasonal classes of crops to encourage crop rotation and maximize capacity utilization. Закон №17-ЗС от 3 июня 2014 г. Russia is so large that it covers 11 time zones. А. А. Избранов. Penza Oblast produces the best wheat in Russia and also produces oats, millet, cereal, vegetables, potatoes, mustard, meat, and forage crops. The region consists of Altai Krai, Kemerovo, Omsk, Tomsk, Novosibirsk, and Tiumen’ Oblasts. The region’s economic activities are lumbering, fur trapping, machine production, hunting, and fishing. Thus far we have described 81 regions, oblasts, krays and 116 cities, towns and settlements of Russian Federation. The Volga-Vyatka region accounted for only 3% of Russia’s GRP in 2008. Russia is so large that it covers 11 time zones. The central economic region is located in the central European part of Russia. Okrugs are usually former autonomous okrugs that lost their federal subject status due to a merger with another federal subject. They do, however, differ in the degree of autonomy they enjoy. It derives its name from the black type of soil which exists in the region. While the implementation details may be considerably different, in general, however, the following types of high-level administrative divisions are recognized: Autonomous okrugs and okrugs are intermediary units of administrative divisions, which include some of the federal subject's districts and cities/towns/urban-type settlements of federal subject significance. In spite of the harsh conditions, the East Siberia is rich in uranium, tin, fur, gold, coal, diamonds, timber, copper, and deposits of petroleum. Twenty-one of those federal subjects are considered republics. Unfortunately, the region’s nominal incomes are lower compared to the national average. Moscow refers to global cities having a great influence on the world... More... My relatives, friends are living/going to live in Russia, My relatives, friends were living in Russia/USSR/Russian Empire. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. For instance, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, and Volgograd count amongst the country’s largest and most important cities. Russia, officially called the Russian Federation, is located in Eastern Europe and stretches from its borders with Finland, Estonia, Belarus, and Ukraine through the Asian continent where it meets Mongolia, China and the Sea of Okhotsk. The major cities in the region are Grozny, Krasnodar, Vladikavkaz, Rostov-on-Don, and Novorossiysk. Russia consists of 8 federal districts, that are divided into 83 “subjects”. Typical lower-level administrative divisions include: In the course of the Russian municipal reform of 2004–2005, all federal subjects of Russia were to streamline the structures of local self-government, which is guaranteed by the Constitution of Russia. All rights reserved. The current exchange rate is about 74 Russian Rubles per 1 USD, so 1,500 USD = about 111,000 Russian Rubles. Федерального Закона №243-ФЗ от 28 сентября 2010 г. Федеральный Закон №136-ФЗ от 27 мая 2014 г. Russia's republics are thus able to set their official languages and establish their constitutions. Autonomous okrugs, while being under the jurisdiction of another federal subject, are still constitutionally recognized as federal subjects on their own right. The region also engages in engineering, metal working, and chemical industries. There are different kinds of “subjects”: 46 oblasts Федеральный Закон №131-ФЗ от 6 октября 2003 г. In addition to basic geographical information, you will also find stories about culture, life, history, sightseengs and things to do in Russian cities. Most youths migrate from the Northern region to further their education. It is divided into administrative centres such as Perm Krai, Bashkortostan, Kurgan Oblast, Sverdlovsk Oblast, and Orenburg Blast among others. Other industries include food and wood processing, cement industries, and pottery industries. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. This guide is being constantly improved with new information about Russian travel destinations. ", Ask expert now! The inhabitants of Russia are quite diverse.Most are ethnic Russians, but there also are more than 120 other ethnic groups present, speaking many languages and following disparate religious and cultural traditions. The region also has a severe climate as it is frozen most of the year. Экономические районы. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. In all regions they were even more popular than metronymics, with the notable exception of Mogilev guberniya. It has a robust economy which is mainly driven by the textiles industry, chemical industries, and machine building. These subjects are of equal federative rights in the sense that they have equal representation (2 delegates each) to the Federative Council of Russia. Федеральный Закон №87-ФЗ от 1 мая 2019 г. Most students who seek higher education find it in the North Western Region. Each of these federal subjects provides two political delegates and has equal political representation in the Federation Council.

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