According to the 2000 Census, the city had 5,473,909 people, and an area of over 1,000 km2. The most prestigious university is the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, regarded as the best Federal university in Brazil, and fifth best in Latin America according to the QS World University Rankings.[23][24]. The symbols of the former State of Rio de Janeiro were preserved, while the symbols of Guanabara were kept by the city of Rio de Janeiro. Agricultural products include sugarcane, oranges, and bananas. It has much commerce and many industries, especially textiles, food, chemicals, and metallurgy. On 2 October 2009, Rio de Janeiro was selected to host the 2016 Olympic Games, which will be the first to be held in South America. Estimated at about $201 billion USD (or R$343 billion), the city’s GDP can mostly be attributed to oil, mining, and telecommunications companies. Rio de Janeiro is the state with the lowest percentage of Catholics in Brazil, and the state with the highest percentage of people without religion (such as atheists, and agnostics). In 1975, the states of Guanabara and Rio de Janeiro were merged under the name of Rio de Janeiro, with the city of Rio de Janeiro as state capital. Palácio Guanabara, seat of the state government. Date. Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil. When the capital of Brazil was moved to the newly established city of Brasília in 1960, the territory that had been the Federal District became the new Guanabara state, which existed as an enclave within Rio de Janeiro state. Foreign visitors to Rio de Janeiro are warned to be on the lookout for opportunistic crimes—such as purse snatching and pickpocketing—and most criminals in Rio are armed. Much of the infrastructure was used again. According to Croda, the lack of social isolation and structural problems in the public health network may place the state on alert in case of a significant increase in new Covid-19 infections. The river flows northeastward across much of the state before turning eastward to drain into the Atlantic. Including all of the Rio de Janeiro, the proportion raised to 46,30% of the Portuguese who lived in Brazil. The city is 420 kilometers (about 261 miles) away from São Paulo, the biggest city in South America. Smaller rivers and streams drain into Guanabara Bay or directly into the Atlantic. Until April 21, 1960 it was the capital city of Brazil. The district (in Portuguese, bairro) of Santa Tereza can be reached by taking an electric tram (in Portuguese, bonde) from central Rio de Janeiro (near Largo da Carioca subway station), crossing over the Arcos da Lapa, an aqueduct built during the colonial period to provide water to the city. It is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Serra dos Órgãos National Park (1939) and the smaller Tijuca National Park (1961) are wholly within Rio de Janeiro. The Brazilian census of 1920 showed that 39,74% of the Portuguese who lived in Brazil lived in Rio de Janeiro. In the mid-20th century the Brazilian government began to reforest some highland areas, and national parks were established to protect the remnants of the original forest. Analysis: Why Brazil, World’s Largest Soy Producer, Wants to Increase Imports, How Masculinity Stereotypes Contribute to Misogyny in Soccer, Cuba Leads Race for Latin American Coronavirus Vaccine. The state has a comprehensive road system, with multilane highways converging on the capital. The state football league is Campeonato Carioca. Already Subscribed? Area 16,871 square miles (43,696 square km). The state of Rio de Janeiro has the 4th best education in Brazil, second only to the Federal District, São Paulo and Goiás. In recent years, campfires and the oral tradition of shared stories around statues of Iemanja has modernized into massive fireworks displays and to a mega-concert on the famous beach of Copacabana. European presence in Rio de Janeiro is as old as Brazil itself, dating back to 1502. Our mission is to provide our readers with a broad spectrum of information and improve their understanding of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Brazil, and Mercosur. It can handle up to 15 million passengers a year in two passenger terminals. It came to be held on the bleacher-lined Marques du Sapucai for decades until a covered sambadrome was built in the 1980s. Inflation has already risen above 10%, and with additional austerity measures proposed by the new government to resolve … [15], Other European ethnic groups, such as Swiss, Finnish and Germans settled mostly in the mountainous areas (Nova Friburgo, Petrópolis, etc.) The city of Itaguaí was considered a Japanese colony in the 20th century, but many of the Asian Cariocas that once lived there moved overseas (most of them to Japan) as well to other Brazilian states like São Paulo. Rio de Janeiro originated from parts of the captainships of de Tomé and São Vicente. The city of Rio de Janeiro hosted the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Apart from these public parks, some patches of forest vegetation still survive on a few hillsides near the city of Rio de Janeiro, but these are disappearing as the urbanized area is gradually enlarged. The mountainous highland comprises part of the Serra do Mar and, farther inland, part of the Serra da Mantiqueira, both of which run parallel to the coast in a roughly southwest-to-northeast direction. Summers in these areas tend to be warm but not hot, with averages around 22 °C (72 °F). "The case of Rio is particularly worrying because I don't think they are adequately preparing for a second wave, nor does the population have adequate compliance [with preventive measures]," he pointed out. The state’s relief has three distinct features: the plain, or coastal lowland; the mountainous highland; and the plateau of the interior. The port will cover 36 square miles. Named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, the Christ the Redeemer statue stands at 38 meters tall. Currently, Rio’s poverty rate is reflective of that of Brazil overall, where 18.57% of the population are considered to live in extreme poverty. The industrial sector is the largest component of GDP at 51.6%, followed by the service sector at 47.8%. See how bountiful—or dry—your knowledge of South America is in this quiz. For the Brazilian state, see,, virtual photo tour through Rio de Janeiro and neighbourhood with,, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Rio has the second biggest municipal GDP of the entire country of Brazil (and the 30th in the world). During this same time, the Escola Real de Ciências, Artes e Ofícios (The Royal School of Sciences, Arts, and Works) was founded as well. In winter the climate is modified by cold air masses from the south. The state of Rio de Janeiro is located within the Brazilian geopolitical region classified as the Southeast (assigned by IBGE). Become a host. Rio de Janeiro, estado (state) of southeastern Brazil, bounded by the states of Espírito Santo (north), Minas Gerais (west), and São Paulo (southwest), while to the east lies the Atlantic Ocean. Analysis: Brazil’s “Gunpowder” Power Compared to That of the U.S.A. “Porta dos Fundos” Producer Cadu Barcellos Murdered in Rio de Janeiro, After Bolsonaro Spoke of “Gunpowder”, U.S. A succession of expanding sugar plantations, coffee farms, and sprawling urban centres obliterated most of the remaining forests. This USD 1.6 billion project at Sao Joao da Barra, approximately 280 kilometers from Rio de Janeiro, has been under construction since October 2007 and will be operational in 2013. It is Brazil’s second largest urban centre (after São Paulo city), and it accounts for the bulk of the population of the highly urbanized state.


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